Mass racial violence in the United States over the past half century
Violent riots in Minnesota in the United States quickly spread from Twin Cities to at least 20 states on May 25. The cause of the incident was an African-American man. George Floyd was killed by the police’s knees and locked in the neck during the execution of the white police. It caused protests. The violence quickly escalated and spread. The situation in the capital Washington was tense and alarmed. President Trump.
Peaceful protests, arson, burning of buildings and cars, ‘robbing of shops, and the confrontation of police and civilians in the tear gas...all arouse historical memories of deja vu. There was no shortage of riots caused by ethnic relations in the history of the United States in the 20th century.
1962 Mississippi Riots
Eight years after the repeal of the Apartheid Act came into force, and against the backdrop of strong apartheid in the southern United States, an African-American man who retired from the army, James Meredith, applied to study at the University of Mississippi. After many setbacks and repeated efforts, with the assistance of the National Association of Colored People, President Kennedy, the Federal Department of Justice, the bailiff and the military, they finally broke through the resistance and stepped into the school gate.
On the evening of September 30, Meredith was escorted from the university's west gate under the escort of the Federal Undersecretary of Justice and hundreds of bailiffs. Local segregationists gathered on the campus and broke into clashes with the bailiffs, who fired tear gas. The federal army was instructed to step up reinforcements and burst into the campus late at night, quelling the riots before dawn. A French journalist and a bystander were killed during the conflict, about 300 people were injured and more than 200 were arrested.
The riots at the University of Mississippi shocked the world. In the following year, American civil rights leader Martin Luther Blond said his famous speech, "I have a dream..." The American civil rights movement gradually culminated.
1967 Detroit Riots
On July 23, 1967, the Detroit police in the American Automobile City raided an unlicensed bar in the early hours of the morning, arresting dozens of black people, triggering violent clashes and turning into riots. On the evening of the 24th, thousands of people broke through the siege of more than 10,000 military police, burned many houses and shops in the city, and several police stations. Finally, the federal army intervened, and the riot that lasted for 5 days was calmed down.
The incident killed more than 40 people, injured about 400 people, and arrested more than 7,000 people.
In 1968, Martin Luther King's assassination triggered a riot in the United States
On April 4, 1968, the American civil rights leader Martin Luther King was assassinated during his speech in Tennessee. From April to July, more than 110 cities nationwide broke out in demonstrations, riots and violent conflicts. Arson and robbery of stores caused tens of millions of dollars in damage. The state of affairs in Chicago, Baltimore, Cincinnati, and Washington, DC, were particularly serious, with the intervention of the federal government forces.
At that time, President Johnson ordered the Marine Corps, National Guard and the Army to carry live ammunition to protect Capitol Hill and the White House. The riots in Washington lasted 4 days, and more than 1,000 buildings were set ablaze and 13 people died. It is now widely believed that this nationwide riot has killed 31 people in total.
1992 Los Angeles Riots
From April 29 to May 2, 1992, Los Angeles, the United States, broke out as the largest ethnic riot in the 20th century. It lasted 6 days, 63 people died, and economic losses amounted to 1 billion US dollars.
The fuse of the riot was that the police beat Rodney King, an African-American youth. The court sentenced the police not to use excessive force and was acquitted. Escalated into a riot, the city of Los Angeles is full of fire, plunged into chaos and paralysis. The riot spread to nearly 20 states within a day.
The Governor of California declared a state of emergency in Los Angeles. At that time, President Bush sent more than 4,000 National Guard members into the city to quell the violence. The Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff Powell personally directed it. Afterwards, the four police officers involved were convicted by the Federal Court for violation of civil rights and sentenced to 30 months in prison.
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